FOOD

Themes Key Findings

2016 Food & Beverage

The companies' average overall score across the benchmark methodology's seven themes, which were selected to capture the key areas where companies need to take action to eradicate forced labor from their supply chains: commitment and governance; traceability and risk assessment; purchasing practices; recruitment; worker voice; monitoring; and remedy. There are a total of 22 indicators across the seven themes. For each theme a company can score a total of 100 points.

31

Overall Score 2016 Food & Beverage
10 Theme Score

Summary of Results

This is the lowest scoring area where, despite strong policies among few companies, overall awareness and transparency is low. This is concerning given the sector's dependence on agricultural workers, which are often seasonal and migrant workers, recruited through middle-men, and most at risk of exploitation. Three companies demonstrate awareness of the risks of forced labor that can arise from the use of recruitment agencies. Two those require recruitment agencies in their supply chains to uphold workers' rights. Seven companies require that no fees are charged during the recruitment process, but none of the companies have a process whereby they ensure that, in the event that fees have been paid, fees are reimbursed to supply chain workers. No company requires direct employment of supply chain workers or audits recruiters in its supply chain, though two companies require their suppliers to audit recruiters.

Recruitment Approach

The company demonstrates awareness of the risk of exploitation of migrant workers by recruitment agencies and brokers, and has relevant policies in place (e.g. on direct employment). The company also requires suppliers to disclose to them the recruiters that they use.

The company: (1) demonstrates awareness of the risk of exploitation of migrant workers by recruitment agencies and brokers, and commitment to address such risks. (2) has a policy that requires recruitment agencies in its supply chain to uphold workers' rights. (3) has a policy that requires direct employment. (4) requires suppliers to disclose to them the recruiters that they use.

Low: 0
High: 50
6

Recruitment Fees

In its relevant policies or standards the company requires that no fees be charged during any recruitment process in its supply chain. In the event that it discovers that fees have been paid, the company ensures that such fees are reimbursed.

The company: (1) requires that no fees be charged during any recruitment processes conducted throughout the supply chain. (2) in the event that it discovers that fees have been paid, ensures that such fees are reimbursed

Low: 0
High: 50
18

Recruitment Audits

The company audits recruiters to assess risks of forced labor and human trafficking.

The company: (1) audits recruiters to assess risks of forced labor and human trafficking

Low: 0
High: 50
5

Recruitment Approach: Leading Practice

Unilever

To the extent possible, Unilever's suppliers must hire workers only through recruitment agencies that have developed policies and strategies to combat trafficking and forced labor. Migrant workers need to have full transparency about employment terms, conditions, and local labor laws prior to gaining their written consent. Unilever's policies set out that supply chain workers (including migrant workers or workers recruited supplied through an agency) should not be required to pay a fee in connection with obtaining employment. Suppliers should be responsible for payment of all fees and expenses of their workers.

Recommended Action

Direct Hiring

Promote direct hiring and-where this is not possible-perform robust due diligence of third-party recruitment agencies.