APPAREL

Themes Key Findings

2016 Apparel & Footwear

The companies' average overall score across the benchmark methodology's seven themes, which were selected to capture the key areas where companies need to take action to eradicate forced labor from their supply chains: commitment and governance; traceability and risk assessment; purchasing practices; recruitment; worker voice; monitoring; and remedy. There are a total of 22 indicators across the seven themes. For each theme a company can score a total of 100 points.

46

Overall Score 2016 Apparel & Footwear
22 Theme Score

Summary of Results

This is the lowest scoring theme, where, despite strong policies of a few companies, overall awareness and transparency is limited, and no company receives full points across all indicators.
Seven companies demonstrate awareness of the risk of exploitation of migrant workers by recruitment agencies and brokers and a commitment to address such risks, but only two companies encourage direct hiring of workers in their supply chains. Four companies have policies that require recruitment agencies in their supply chains to uphold workers' rights, and five companies require suppliers to disclose to them the recruiters that they use.
Six companies have a standard or policy specifically regarding recruitment of foreign migrant workers. For example, Nike requires suppliers to put in place such a policy which should, at a minimum, include the requirements of foreign migrant workers' fair treatment, payment of employment eligibility fees, payment of transportation costs, repatriation, and any requirements under country law. Suppliers are required to effectively communicate the policy to workers.
Six companies require that no fees be charged during any recruitment processes conducted throughout their supply chains, and five companies ensure fees are reimbursed to supply chain workers in the event that they discover such fees have been paid.
Only three companies ensure recruitment agencies in their supply chains are audited: L Brands reserves the right to undertake such audits, and adidas occasionally requires suppliers to assess their recruiters in order to evaluate if fees were paid or how contracts with workers were negotiated. GAP requires its supplier to ensure all third party employment agencies recruit workers in compliance with its code of conduct and to provide evidence of this through relevant documentation.

Recruitment Approach

The company demonstrates awareness of the risk of exploitation of migrant workers by recruitment agencies and brokers, and has relevant policies in place (e.g. on direct employment). The company also requires suppliers to disclose to them the recruiters that they use.

The company: (1) demonstrates awareness of the risk of exploitation of migrant workers by recruitment agencies and brokers, and commitment to address such risks. (2) has a policy that requires recruitment agencies in its supply chain to uphold workers' rights. (3) has a policy that requires direct employment. (4) requires suppliers to disclose to them the recruiters that they use.

Low: 0
High: 100
29

Recruitment Fees

In its relevant policies or standards the company requires that no fees be charged during any recruitment process in its supply chain. In the event that it discovers that fees have been paid, the company ensures that such fees are reimbursed.

The company: (1) requires that no fees be charged during any recruitment processes conducted throughout the supply chain. (2) in the event that it discovers that fees have been paid, ensures that such fees are reimbursed

Low: 0
High: 100
29

Recruitment Audits

The company audits recruiters to assess risks of forced labor and human trafficking.

The company: (1) audits recruiters to assess risks of forced labor and human trafficking

Low: 0
High: 50
8

Recruitment Fee: Leading Practice

Ralph Lauren

Ralph Lauren requires all recruitment fees paid by workers to be reimbursed by the employer. For example, once the company identified through auditing that 33 Bangladeshi workers working for one of its suppliers in Jordan were charged recruitment fees, the company ensured workers were reimbursed. The company further aims to raise awareness and work toward a "recruitment fee-free" environment for supply chain workers.

Recommended Action

Direct Hiring

Promote direct hiring and-where this is not possible-perform robust due diligence of third-party recruitment agencies.